Phycoremediation (a bioremediation technique) strategies cater to the possibility of using algal diversity to remediate hazardous contaminants (hydrocarbons, pesticides, radioactive matter, HMs etc.) and organic pollutions, while also valorizing the treated biomass for the manufacture of value-added goods (fertilizers, biofuel etc.).
Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils.
The carbohydrates (sugars) from algae can be fermented to make additional biofuels, including ethanol and butanol, as well as other products such as plastics and biochemicals. Biomass from algae can be used for pyrolysis oil or combined heat and power generation.
Three major classes of photosynthetic pigments occur among the algae: chlorophylls, carotenoids (carotenes and xanthophylls) and phycobilins.
Algal pigments have great commercial value as natural colorants in nutraceutical, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry, besides their health benefits. Spirulina, Dunaliella capsules are now commonly prescribed health foods for improving vitality and longevity of human beings.
Single Cell Protein
Single-cell protein is a generic term for crude or refined protein whose origin is bacteria, yeasts, or algae, microorganisms that usually contain above 40% of crude protein on dry weight bases.
Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) and Chlorella vulgaris are best examples for the single cell protein...